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Acetaminophen (Paracetamol) Side effects

Acetaminophen side effects are nausea, elevated liver serums, loss of appetite, Sore throat, upset stomach, Jaundice etc. Severe side effects involve liver damage and abdominal cramps.

Acetaminophen is a kind of drug that is generally used to relieve pain and fever temporarily. It belongs to the class of drugs called analgesics and antipyretics, which is for pain relieving and fever reduction appropriately. It may also help to alleviate the swellings and inflammation caused in the brain due to the production of chemical called prostaglandins. It reduces the pain by elevating the pain threshold and fever by its action in the heat-regulating centre of the brain and lowers the body temperature. It also relieves knee and arthritis pain and it is as effective as aspirin and non-steroidal anti-inflammatory drug ibuprofen. The maximum intake of the drug is 4 grams per day approximately. The dosage will vary according to age and necessity. It can be used even during pregnancy as it is a short-term treatment for pain and fever.

It used to treat mild to moderate pain such headaches, menstrual periods. It is also beneficial in toothaches, and backaches. It is used along with other medicines in osteoarthritis or cold/flu aches.

Acetaminophen Side Effects

Minor Side effects of acetaminophen are:

  1. Nausea
  2. Dark urine
  3. clay-colored stool
  4. Jaundice
  5. Upper stomach pain
  6. Itching
  7. Loss of appetite
  8. Rashes
  9. Swelling
  10. Severe dizziness
  11. Fever with or without chills
  12. Pain in the lower back
  13. Pinpoint red spots on the skin
  14. Sore throat
  15. Sudden increase in amount of urine
  16. Unusual tiredness or weakness
  17. Unusual bleeding or bruising
  18. Trouble in breathing

Side effects due to heavy dose of acetaminophen

  1. Liver damage
  2. May cause false test result during certain laboratory tests
  3. Diarrhea
  4. Increased sweating
  5. Stomach cramps or pain

Acetaminophen doses greater than 2275mg per day can cause blood-thinning effect of warfarin by an unknown mechanism. It causes severe liver damage and so alcohol consumption should be avoided completely. It is also found in many non-prescribed products and in some combination prescription medication. Beware that you are not taking more than 4000 milligrams of acetaminophen to avoid any sort of liver damage. Causes of acute pancreatitis, hypersensitivity, hematologic, dermatologic and renal side effects are reported rarely.

Do not take more doses than recommended. It is available as syrup or tablet or as chewable tablet. Take the medications as prescribed by your doctor. Do not take the medication for more than 3 days for fever and 10 days for pain. It does not cause ulcers in stomach such as aspirin ibuprofen and it does not reduce inflammations. It should be taken on regular dosage and incase missed to take one dose skip it if the next dosage time is nearing.

The dosage for youngster and adults varies according to the body weight. Get immediate medications in case you feel any of the above-mentioned side effects. In rare cases it is reported that is can cause severe skin reaction that can be fatal. If you had this medicine in past and if it had no reaction then there are chances of such serious reactions. Stop taking the medications and consult your doctor immediately.

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