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Brussel Sprouts – Health Benefits & Side Effects

Brussel sprouts may have originated in Belgium, northern Europe in the late sixteenth century. Then it may have soon spread to its neighbor countries like France and England in the nineteenth century. However, the initial origin of the species still now remains a mystery. Some say, it originated in the thirteenth century itself in Belgium. These leafy vegetables are cultivated in Mediterranean Europe and United states on a large scale. Brussel sprouts are known for their rich nutrients that include minerals, vitamins, iron, zinc, calcium, potassium, copper, and manganese. In addition, the leafy vegetable has no cholesterol that too with less saturated fat makes them more attractive to eat for a healthy prolonged living. According to a recent study conducted, they are also said to possess extraordinary health benefits particularly in the field of DNA and its protection after consuming it daily. Among the cruciferous vegetables, this is one of the main reasons for they are now top of the list. They are indeed a gift to us for the number of reasons stated below.

Health Benefits of Brussel sprouts

We can get many benefits eating Brussel sprouts in winter season. However, many people for its unusual taste do not like them. It promotes on the whole health of a body. Now let us see some of the core advantages of eating this popular vegetable as follows.

Helpful in Bladder cancer

A study has shown that Brussel sprouts fights against bladder cancer in both men and women. The disease is said to have affected approximately three hundred thousand people all around the world. Since the cancer preventing components are found abundantly in Brussel sprouts, they are determined to kill cancer cells in patients. Certain type of cancer such as colon cancer mainly the precancerous cells can be cured by Singirin, a glucosid and in the same way; breast cancer can be cured by Lutein and Zeaxanthin. The last two carotenoids are also said to prevent stroke and heart related diseases.

Rich in Vitamin C

In order to keep the immune system strong, one must eat vegetables that consist of vitamin C. It also aids in enhancing the skin and the gums health from internal and external damage. The main reason for getting various forms of heart disease and cancer is, not maintaining the health of the skin and teeth on a daily basis. It is important to note that even the severity of common diseases like cold and oxidative stress can be fought off by eating Brussel sprouts on a large extent.

Contains Folic acid brussel sprouts

Folic acid is nothing but vitamin C, which is present in large quantity in Brussel sprouts. Birth defects can be cured by eating Brussel sprouts. Proofs suggest that hyposthenia level, amino acid that is responsible for causing damage to the heart is also reduced by eating Brussel sprouts.

Iron & Calcium

As Brussel sprouts are rich in beta-carotenes, naturally they are abundant in iron and calcium. This beta carotene can also be taken as vitamin E for improving on the whole immune system.


Special antioxidants present in Brussel sprouts is potentially a great fighter against cancer especially the compound Glucosinolates and isothiocyanates that helps to eradicate cancer creating cells at a larger extent. These antioxidants act as a beneficiary and can be used as a protective shield against dreadful diseases.

Beneficial in cancer due to Sulforaphane

An anti-cancer property present in Sulforaphane contains a chemical that attempts to cure cancer. While overcooking Brussel sprouts, there are chances of losing the presence of this phyto-chemical. Hence, it is vital to cook them lightly with the help of microwave oven or using steaming method. In this way, the health benefits need not be overlooked.

Anti cancer properties

Brussel sprouts contain bioflavonoids that have anti-inflammatory, antioxidant, and anti-cancer properties.

Good for proper bowel movement

The primary factor of fiber is that it is responsible for preventing stroke and other heart ailments. People who have trouble with their digestive system can take Brussel sprouts in their diet as it is basically a source full of fiber. The bowel movements may slow down if fiber is absent in the body. It is also necessary to take enough water or equal substitutes of liquids to avoid health loss because of overconsumption.

Alzheimer’s disease

Brussel sprouts will give healthy bones to an individual and prevents them from any damage to body tissues. It also serves an anti-inflammatory property, which is much needed for proper functioning of the brain and the nervous system. Alzheimer’s disease in old age people can be delayed by the presence of vitamin K in Brussel sprouts.

Good for eyes and boosts immune system

Vitamin A in Brussel sprouts helps to maintain a healthy body. Further, it boosts the immune system and protects the eye from night blindness/cataract, urinary infection and other problems relating to the reproductive system. In addition, the free radicals, which are harmful to the body, are eradicated by vitamin A and vitamin E.

Brussel sprouts side effects

Side effects may appear due to over consumption of Brussel sprouts. Otherwise, these sprouts are safe to eat in most of cases.

Side effects of Brussel sprouts include:


Over eating of Brussel sprouts can cause bloating, but the effect appears in very rare cases.

Cruciferous vegetables are known for their numerous health benefits, but we should consume every foodstuff in an appropriate proportion.


Goitrogens in Brussel sprouts can cause irritation and swelling of the thyroid glands.

Therefore, people with thyroid problems should not eat Brussel sprouts.

Interaction with prescription drugs

Brussel sprouts should not be eaten along with the use of anticoagulants medicines. These sprouts may result in the reduced efficacy of the anticoagulant medicines.

With the above said benefits and disadvantages of Brussel sprouts, they can very well be eaten on a continual basis. These sprouts can be added on casseroles, vegetable salads, snacks, and with any food items. However, before cooking them, it is vital to remove the discolored and damaged leaves.